10-Second Start: A Look at NFPA 110 and Time to Readiness Following Power Loss

Health care and other critical power facilities have unique emergency power system requirements as defined under the U.S. National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) 110 standard and other related codes.
Health care and other critical power facilities have unique emergency power system requirements as defined under the U.S. National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) 110 standard and other related codes.

When it comes to protecting lives, health care and other critical power facilities have unique emergency power system requirements as defined under the U.S. National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) 110 standard and other related codes. 

NFPA 110 defines “Type” as the maximum time, in seconds, that the emergency power supply system will permit the load terminals of the transfer switch to be without acceptable power

Type 10, therefore, has a 10-second time to readiness: meaning that a source of electrical power of required capacity, reliability, and quality must be provided to life safety loads within 10 seconds following loss or failure of the normal power supply.

The ability to start a unit, bring it up to acceptable frequency and voltage and then connect it to a facility suffering from an outage makes engine-based generator sets the standby power system of choice for these facilities. But what happens in those critical 10 seconds? When does the clock start and stop? What is acceptable power?

These questions generate much discussion for technical and nontechnical manufacturers, installers and end-users alike. Recently, Mike Sanford, a Technical Marketing Specialist at Cummins, led a course for the 2019 Minnesota Fire Marshal Conference in Eagan, Minnesota. Fire marshals and inspectors – who are responsible for approving emergency power system installations – and other fire department leaders completed the course to enhance their understanding of NFPA 110, key aspects that affect the equipment selection/design and strategies for ensuring generator set starting performance and reliability.

Here are some additional resources on NFPA 110 Time to Readiness:

Visit the webinar archive to replay the Feb. 2019 NFPA 110 Time to Readiness webinar or download the presentation.

Visit the white paper library to view or download the 10-Second Time to Readiness White Paper.

Adam Sidders Marketing Communications Leader Power Systems

Adam Sidders

Adam Sidders is the Marketing Communications Leader for the Power Systems Business Unit of Cummins Inc. Prior to joining Cummins in 2012 Adam worked in Financial Services for Europe’s largest independently owned insurer as their Marketing and Communications Manager. adam.sidders@cummins.com

Natural Gas and Cummins HSK78G Headline Seminar in Egypt

With natural gas distribution on the brink in Egypt, Cummins authorized distributor recently stepped up its offerings and is bringing awareness of Cummins gas-based power solutions to the country
With natural gas distribution on the brink in Egypt, Cummins authorized distributor recently stepped up its offerings and is bringing awareness of Cummins gas-based power solutions to the country

Egypt is expected to start distributing natural gas by 2020, and there has been much talk in recent years about this tap into a new fuel supply. Cummins and its authorized distributor Egyptian International Motors (EIM) have increasingly fielded enquiries into gas-based solutions. Customers in the oil & gas sector especially are interested in this solution for power generation as well as reducing the flare.

In addition, Cummins earlier this year released its newest product fueled by gas – the HSK78G gas generator set – introducing new technology in a new engine that pushes new levels of efficiency, transient performance and gas variation well beyond former natural gas generators.

With all this in mind, EIM has recently stepped up its offerings and is bringing awareness of Cummins gas-based power solutions to Egypt. A Cummins Gas Seminar held April 22 in Cairo was an opportunity for industry professionals to get updated on new technologies and Cummins gas solutions for efficient, reliable and cost-effective power for their plants and operations. The event also officially launched the HSK78G in Egypt.

Hosted jointly by Cummins Power Generation’s Africa & Middle East Segment team and EIM, the event brought 32 professionals together from 15 different industries – oil and gas, utility power and cooling, plastics, electrical consultants and contractors.

For more information on the HSK78G and other gas-powered generators, visit cummins.com
 

Anisha George

As a Marketing Communications Specialist, Anisha is part of the Africa Middle East ABO supporting marketing, communications and event management for power generation marketing. Anisha joined Cummins Middle East in 2009 to support the Administration team in a temporary role. She gained more industry experience working in the event management field before joining back in 2011. Her previous role in Cummins Middle East include Marketing Assistant where she supported special events and marketing activities. Anisha has a Bachelor’s degree specializing in Commerce & Marketing, followed by a diploma in Event Management & Innovative Marketing.

Engineers Turn to Continuing Education in an Era of Technological Advancements

It took more than 40 years for half of all U.S. households to have a telephone after its invention, but only 10 years for half of the U.S. population to own a cell phone1. At 1,454 feet, the Empire State building stood as the world’s tallest building for nearly 40 years after it was built in 1931. But in the 40 years since, that mark has been topped numerous times, and was nearly doubled by the Burj Khalifa building in Dubai, reaching a lofty 2,717 feet in 2010.

Humanity continues to break its earthly limits in many ways today, and at an ever-increasing pace.

Keeping Pace Through Continuing Education

Engineers - Continuing EducationEvery day, engineers around the globe challenge the impossible to make these technological advancements possible and support our expanding infrastructure. For instance, to support the evolving electrical demands in designing taller, smarter, more eco-friendly buildings, electrical engineers are required to not only resolve the challenges of a changing industry, but maintain integrity and compliance with newer and ever-changing codes and regulations. And, coupled with rapid changes in technology, engineers turn to continuing education to not only maintain their license but also to earn a competitive edge through thought leadership content and discussion. 

Around the world, several institutions and local entities require engineers to participate in continuing education opportunities to keep their Professional Engineer (PE) or equivalent licenses. In the U.S., more than 40 states require engineers to complete a set number of Professional Development Hours (PDHs) every other year to keep their PE license current, with several states requiring up to 30 PDHs per engineer2.

Engineers - Continuing EducationCummins surveyed over 500 engineers to understand what they seek in continuing education programs. According to respondents, staying up to date with industry trends in order to ensure better job effectiveness was their primary objective, with "Codes and Standards" being the topic of interest that topped their list. For preferred formats, webinars were ranked as the top choice, followed by self-guided online training and face-to-face meetings or training sessions.

Continuing Education Opportunities Offered by Cummins

Engineers who are interested in critical technology updates, the latest codes and industry applications, as well as credited PDHs can take advantage of industry leading educational opportunities offered by Cummins: 

  1. Cummins PowerHour webinars offer monthly opportunities to tune in to live discussions on power systems, components and applications. 
  2. Cummins TechStream e-newsletter offer free access to technical white papers and case studies specific to power generation systems and segments, covering both trends and technologies. 
  3. Our two-day factory Power Seminar sessions offer in-person education opportunities featuring a combination of group learning and real-life application demonstrations.
  4. Our Lunch-and-Learn opportunities could be held at your location or at nearby Cummins distributor with the content customized per your specific needs.

To learn more about trends in continuing education for engineers follow Cummins on Facebook and LinkedIn. To learn more about continuing education opportunities Cummins offers for specifying engineers, visit our web page. To learn more about how Cummins is powering a world that’s "Always On," visit our web page.

Think your friends and colleagues would like this content? Share on LinkedIn and Facebook.

References: 

  1. McGrath G. R. (2013, November 25). The Pace of Technology Adoption is Speeding Up. [Web article]. Retrieved from https://hbr.org
  2. Professional Engineers – Requirements by State [Web article]. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://pdhacademy.com
Cummins Office Building

Cummins Inc.

Cummins is a global power leader that designs, manufactures, sells and services diesel and alternative fuel engines from 2.8 to 95 liters, diesel and alternative-fueled electrical generator sets from 2.5 to 3,500 kW, as well as related components and technology. Cummins serves its customers through its network of 600 company-owned and independent distributor facilities and more than 7,200 dealer locations in over 190 countries and territories.

Reliable Prime Power Serves Major Roadway of China–Pakistan Economic Corridor

Cummins and distributor Orient Energy Systems are providing continuous, reliable power to serve toll stations, lighting, command center and service areas as part of a new six-lane, controlled-access motorway through Pakistan.
Cummins and distributor Orient Energy Systems are providing continuous, reliable power to serve toll stations, lighting, command center and service areas as part of a new six-lane, controlled-access motorway through Pakistan.

Construction of a six-lane, controlled-access motorway stretching 1,100 km from Karachi to Lahore is now complete, and developers are now working to finish the service areas and tolls in an interior section of the roadway, set to open this fall. This is one of a series of infrastructure upgrade projects known as the China–Pakistan Economic Corridor.

Karachi to Lahore MotorwayIn the section from Rahim Yar Khan to Ghotki, a pair of Cummins C275D5B units will serve two toll stations and lighting, and a third unit will serve the command and control center of Section 07 located at Ghotki. A pair of C700D5 units will serve the service area, which includes a fuel station, mosque, rest area, ATM and food court, with 2 x C220D5 units there on standby. In all, more than 30 units comprise the fleet for this road infrastructure projects as the project consists of seven sections.

Islamabad-based China State Construction Engineering Co. Ltd. sought a partner with a strong network of services along with reliable product. Economical prime power from Cummins means more than a piece of equipment, but rather is specified to the exact engineering requirements for the application, delivering reliable power in any environment and backed by a global sales and service network. Cummins authorized distributor Orient Energy Systems (OES) has provided the sale, installation and dependable aftermarket support for the 2 MW supply of prime and standby power for this major infrastructure project, with commissioning slated for July.

Karachi to Lahore Motorway


 

Anisha George

As a Marketing Communications Specialist, Anisha is part of the Africa Middle East ABO supporting marketing, communications and event management for power generation marketing. Anisha joined Cummins Middle East in 2009 to support the Administration team in a temporary role. She gained more industry experience working in the event management field before joining back in 2011. Her previous role in Cummins Middle East include Marketing Assistant where she supported special events and marketing activities. Anisha has a Bachelor’s degree specializing in Commerce & Marketing, followed by a diploma in Event Management & Innovative Marketing.

Experiencing a Connected Hospital

Hospitals are at the forefront of leveraging technology to offer better care for all of us. 

"Watson, tell me about my doctor."

"Watson, conduct a survey and record the responses for my nurse." 

Experiencing a connected hospital - CumminsVisiting today’s modern hospitals could make you feel as if you are in a sci-fi movie. Robotic arms in operating rooms, beds with tracking sensors, and cognitive rooms featuring the IBM Watson platform1.

In fact, a study from Aruba Networks found that healthcare is the third most advanced in its implementation of Internet of Things (IoT)2. The study estimates that 60% of healthcare organizations globally have introduced IoT devices into their facilities. These IoT devices are commonly used for patient monitors, energy meters, X-rays and imaging devices. 

Hospitals are increasingly adapting connectivity to enhance quality of care and to improve their productivity. A key driver behind this increased adoption of connectivity and IoT devices is simply the aging population across the world. A United Nations study shows that world’s population above 60 years old has more than doubled since 1980, now exceeding 1 billion people3. The same study also forecasts that by 2050 the world will have more people at ages above 60 years old than adolescents and youth at ages 10-24. 

Experiencing a connected hospital - CumminsAs hospitals use more connected devices, their dependence on reliable power sources also increases. A power outage in a hospital could not only shut down heating, cooling and lighting but also medical imaging, operating room equipment and life support devices. 

Unfortunately, hospitals are at risk of losing utility power due to unexpected reasons just like the rest of us. These unexpected reasons range from severe weather to equipment failure to wildlife. In Florida, during Hurricane Irma, 54 hospitals were operating using their back-up power systems according to Florida Hospitals Association4. This is about 20% of Florida’s 300+ hospitals. In California, an underground power line failure resulted in power outage affecting 1,700 customers including a local hospital with 173 beds5. In Virginia, a squirrel that got into the substation caused a power outage affecting the local community hospital for few hours6.

Today’s connected hospitals address the risk and consequences of losing utility power through different means. Use of remote monitoring for back-up power systems and deployment of emergency operations plans are two of the several ways to address the risk of losing utility power. National, state and local regulations also drive healthcare facilities to have backup power for life safety loads. 

Hospitals have sophisticated power systems featuring access both to utility power and reliable back-up power. Back-up power systems could include generator sets, uninterruptible power sources (UPS) and more. These systems are designed to power the hospital when the utility power outage occurs. Use of remote monitoring systems such as Cummins PowerCommand Cloud helps the Facilities Team to keep in touch with real-time information about hospitals’ power systems. These cloud-based systems enable users to check system status, identify faults, and access critical notifications, reducing hospitals’ operation and maintenance costs.

Hospitals also deploy emergency operations plans as a part of their overall emergency management protocol during a hazard. Emergency operations plans outline how the facility will respond to and recover from a hazard7. These plans could outline the facility’s procedures around communication, safety, security, staff responsibilities and clinical support activities while responding and recovering from a hazard. 

To learn more about how other experiences will change in today’s connected world or trends in healthcare industry follow Cummins on Facebook and LinkedIn. To learn more about power solutions for healthcare industry, visit our web page. To learn more about how Cummins is powering a world that’s "Always On," visit our web page.

Think your friends and colleagues would like this content? Share on LinkedIn and Facebook.

References: 

  1. Thomas Jefferson University Hospitals Plans Cognitive Hospital Rooms powered by IBM Watson Internet of Things [Press release]. (2016, October 4). Retrieved from https://www.prnewswire.com

  2. IoT Heading for Mass Adoption by 2019 Driven by Better-Than-Expected Business Results [News release]. (2017, February 28). Retrieved from https://news.arubanetworks.com

  3. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, World Population Ageing Highlights [PDF document]. (2017). Retrieved from https://www.un.org

  4. Evans M. “Power Failures Leave Many Florida Hospitals and Nursing Homes Operating on Generators”. Wall Street Journal. 11 September 2017. Retrieved from https://www.wsj.com

  5. Warren Christi. “Power outage hits 1,700 customers in Santa Rosa, including Kaiser Medical Center”. The Press Democrat. 22 February 2017. Retrieved from https://www.pressdemocrat.com 

  6. Rousseau Heather. “Electricity restored to downtown Roanoke after squirrel causes power outage”. The Roanoke Times. 26 November 2018. Retrieved from https://www.newsadvance.com

  7. Emergency Operations Plan - Emergency Preparedness [Web post]. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.calhospitalprepare.org
Cummins Office Building

Cummins Inc.

Cummins is a global power leader that designs, manufactures, sells and services diesel and alternative fuel engines from 2.8 to 95 liters, diesel and alternative-fueled electrical generator sets from 2.5 to 3,500 kW, as well as related components and technology. Cummins serves its customers through its network of 600 company-owned and independent distributor facilities and more than 7,200 dealer locations in over 190 countries and territories.

Redirecting to
cummins.com

The information you are looking for is on
cummins.com

We are launching that site for you now.

Thank you.